MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
HCMC UNIVERSITY OF PEDAGOGY Independence – Freedom – Happiness
Ho Chi Minh City, date:
1. General information:
– Project title: SOLUTIONS TO MINIMIZE THE PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAUMA OF CHILDREN IN INCOMPLETELY FAMILIES
– Code: B2017-SPS-16
– Dean: MA. Nguyen Thi Diem My
– Leading agency: Ho Chi Minh City University of Education
– Duration: 24 months, May 2017 to May 2019.
– Clarify the content of the concept of “Incomplete family” and point out the situation and expression of
psychological trauma of children in the incomplete family.
– Assess the current situation of solutions to reduce psychological trauma in an incomplete family, thereby
proposing a solution to reduce the psychological trauma of children in an incomplete family.
3. Novelty and creativity:
– The thesis shows a picture of the situation of psychological trauma of children living in incomplete
families in Vietnam.
– Outline a system of measures to minimize the psychological trauma of children living in an incomplete
– Test and demonstrate measures to minimize psychological trauma for children living in an incomplete
family. On that basis, the application orientation for training institutions to implement measures to minimize psychological damage for children living in this situation.
4.1. The psychological trauma of a child in an incomplete family is one of the top concerns of researchers
in the world. In which Psychology and Medicine are two branches with rich research works because this
issue not only affects the lives of children but also persists, so it attracts the attention of many family
research. Seeing the serious effects on the lives of children in the incomplete family and the percentage
of family members who are not living is increasing, our country has begun to study this issue. However, the research on the psychological trauma of children in divorced parents farmilies is not much a and
psychological trauma of children in single mothers and psychological trauma of children in Eanles general, have almost no research.
Psychological trauma is the result of an unusual stressful event (s) chat threatens the integrity or mental or physical well-being that an individual has experienced, negativeiy affecting the activities and life of the
person. An incomplete family (also called an incomplete family, arn inconplete family, a disabled family) is a type of family that does not have the full structure of a normal family: a parent themselves or an incomplete family are the types of families with the full structure of a normal family: their parents – their children but at least one part of the family is geographically distant and the lack of communication family has been in serious conflict for a long time.
Psychological trauma of children in an incomplete family is a negative psychological experience of a child who experiences family events such as conflict of divorce parents, witnessing a family divores oversupply Social commentary for fatherless children, etc. causing disturbances and imbalances in the psychological life of children. The psychological trauma of children living in an incomplete family exhibit the following cognitive, emotional and behavioral symptoms:
+ Physical: Children living in a farmily are not as healthy as their children, their risks are higher and their mortality is earlier.
+ Awareness: The family has an extremely sacred meaning in which parents are the strong support, the most ideal images. The parents divorce has become a cause for children to develop misconceptions about family values, which will gradually became difficult, a barrier for children to integrate into society, to promote actions, wrongdoing, aggression, anti-social and emotional disturbance in children.
+ Emotion: The expressions of emotional imbalance, the frequent repetition of these negative emotions are signs of children’s psychological trauma.
+ Behavior: From conditions, living conditions are not so favorable, children in the family planning often have inferiority complex, low self-esteem and self-defense compared with peers. Aggressive behaviors and irregularities are thus also more likely to occur among children living in an incomplete family. In addition, children who live in an incomplete family always have problems with attention, especially attention to learning activities. Children always try to be able to bring parents back together through parents having to solve problems together and refusing to talk about separation.
In the study of psychological trauma of children in an incomplete family, the researcher used Achenbach’s Children Behavior Checklist (CBCL). This is a list of I12 items and also the 112 symptoms of eight clinical expression groups based on DSM – IV. Based on the total score (score T) obtained from the parent’s behaviors inventory, the psychological trauma of children surveyed is divided into three levels of non-psychological trauma, boundary state and psychological trauma. The expressions of psychological trauma are studied in more detail through other supportive methods.
4.2. The results of the situation of psychological trauma of children in the incomplete family as follows:
The results of the study through the evaluation of 336 corresponding parents by answering the questions of the questionnaire showed that out of 336 students, 180/336 (53.57%) of the students were “no psychological trauma”, there are 102/336 (30.35%) students “boundary state”, there are 54/336 (16.07%)
students “have psychological trauma”, of which 49/54 students “have psychological trauma in the incomplete family”. Among 49 students who “had psychological trauma in the incomplete family”, 17/49 children had low psychological trauma, 28 children had moderate psychological trauma and 4 children had high psychological trauma.
The psychological trauma of children in an incomplete family was assessed through a survey of 336 parents on 8 sides of officials showing that 5/8 of the expression groups were average and 3/8 expressed low level. The highest is the group showing “attention” with M = 1.80; ranked second is the expression “Anxiety – Depression” with M = 1.74; the third position is the expression “withdrawn” with M = 1.72; next is the expression “problem of thinking” with M = 1.64; expression “social problems” with M = 1.63. Expression of “body disorder” with M = 1.53; expression “aggressive behavior” with M=1.50 and finally, a “acts of violations of code of conduct” with M = 1.47.
Expressions of psychological trauma of children in the family are not comprehensive through awareness of family and life; emotions, affection when living in family and society; and family, school and social-related behaviors that are self-assessed by children:
+ Children with psychological trauma in an incomplete family are quite well aware of the value of the family and the value of the mother but compared to the children without psychological trauma and children at boundary of the family are not fully accepted. Children’s awareness of paternal values and social life is somewhat more limited. There is a difference in perception of children with psychological trauma in families with divorced parents and families with single mothers.
+ Children with psychological trauma in an incomplete family have more emotional, negative feelings towards family and social life than children without psychological trauma and children at the boundary state, There are differences in emotions, negative emotions with family and social life when compared on the variables of children’s education.
+ Children who suffer from psychological trauma in an incomplete family are more likely to evade, become withdrawn and passive with family, school and social relationships than children who are not psychologically vulnerable and boundary. The expression of psychological trauma children in the incomplete family is not fully expressed through family-related behaviors, followed by school-related behaviors and finally behaviors in social life. There are differences in emotions, negative emotions with family and social life when compared on the variables of children’s education.
The findings of the study on the psychological trauma of children in an incomplete family in the child’s self-esteem show that: Children with psychological trauma in an incomplete family have a high physical self; future – academic self, emotional self, family self, social self are lower than children without psychological trauma and children in the border state.
The results of research on the situation of solutions to minimize psychological trauma from families with total M = 2.40 are low and the reality of solutions to minimize psychological trauma from schools and society with total M = 2.00 also low.
4.3. Based on the results of research on the ation of psychological trauma of children in the incomplete family, combined with the theoretical basis for measures to minimize psychological trauma of children in the incomplete family. The topic has bravely proposed two groups of solutions: cognitive change group for children in an incomplete family and emotional support group for children in an incomplete family.
The following measures have been proposed in the topic:
– Orientation of developing self-awareness skills to positively think from the personal circumstances of the object;
– Use some values to influence the perception of the object to help children find dreams and have faith in the future ahead;
– Arouse the hidden potential of the object, create a good relationship as a prerequisite for supporting emotions;
– Using some techniques of visualization method to help children relax and improve their emotional life.
– Non-instructional game techniques to build the relationship between the supporter and the child in need of support, step by step raising the child’s emotions
The results on the necessity of the proposed measures show that all the surveyed measures are assessed as very necessary for reducing the psychological trauma of children in the family. integrity. In particular, the first priority measure is “Orientation of developing self-awareness skills to think positively from une
individual’s personal circumstances” (M = 4.40). The results of the feasibility study of the proposed measures show that the group of cognitive change solutions for children in an incomplete family is
considered to be very feasible while the remaining measures in the solution group Emotional support for children in an incomplete family is assessed as feasible.
Report full text, special subjects with results according to research objectives and research tasks.
– Postgraduate training: 1 graduate student and 1 graduate student.
– 3 published papers in national journal.
6. Effectiveness, method of transferring research results and applicability:
– Use survey questionnaires and research design steps to find out, assess and screen the level of
psychological trauma of children in an incomplete family.
– It is possible to edit and disseminate documents about psychological trauma of children in incomplete families and solutions to minimize psychological trauma for this group of children.
– Implement a training model on measures to minimize psychological trauma for children in incomplete families.
– Publication of results via full text topics.